By Audrey Thomas McCluskey
Emerging from the darkness of the slave period and Reconstruction, black activist ladies Lucy Craft Laney, Mary McLeod Bethune, Charlotte Hawkins Brown, and Nannie Helen Burroughs based faculties aimed toward freeing African-American early life from deprived futures within the segregated and decidedly unequal South. From the past due 19th via mid-twentieth centuries, those participants fought discrimination as participants of a bigger circulate of black girls who uplifted destiny generations via a spotlight on schooling, social provider, and cultural transformation. Born loose, yet with the shadow of the slave prior nonetheless implanted of their awareness, Laney, Bethune, Brown, and Burroughs equipped off each one other’s successes and realized from each one other’s struggles as directors, teachers, and suffragists. Drawing from the women’s personal letters and writings approximately academic tools and from remembrances of surviving scholars, Audrey Thomas McCluskey finds the pivotal value of this sisterhood’s legacy for later generations and for the establishment of schooling itself.
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Extra resources for A Forgotten Sisterhood: Pioneering Black Women Educators and Activists in the Jim Crow South
Oral recollections of incidents between law enforcement and Laney vary, including a story about her having hidden a black man erroneously accused of shooting a white man from a lynch mob in her girls’ dormitory until he was cleared of the crime. 104 Her effectiveness in standing up for the causes she cared about can be gleaned from a news account accompanying one of her lecture tours: “The lectures by Miss Laney have been a success from every point of view. She is well educated and as a public speaker she has few equals in this country.
Du Bois, Souls of Black Folk, 111. 76. Dittmer, Black Georgia, 199. 77. Anderson, Education of Blacks, 7. 78. Dittmer, Black Georgia, 146. 79. Edward Cashin, The Quest: A History of Public Education in Richmond County, Georgia (Augusta: Richmond Board of Education, 1985), 34. 80. Dittmer, Black Georgia, xi. 36 Chapter 2 81. Margaret Louise Laney, “Miss Lucy Laney and Early 20th Century Education,” Oral Memoirs of Augusta Citizens, Vol. 3, Augusta Oral History Project (6 February 1967), 14. 82. June O.
33. Hattie McDaniel, “Letters to Mother,” 1916–1922, Hattie Perry vertical file, Amistad Research Center, Tulane University. 34. Harold G. Fleming, “Victorian Reformer,” Southern Changes 11, no. 5 (1989): 18–19. 35. Jacqueline Ann Rouse, Lugenia Burns Hope, 5. 36. Lucy C. Laney, “Address Before the Women’s Meeting,” Atlanta University Conference 1897 (New York: Arno Press, 1968), 57. 37. ” 38. Daniel Scott Smith, “Family Limitation, Sexual Control, and Domestic Feminism in Victorian America,” Feminist Studies 1, no.
A Forgotten Sisterhood: Pioneering Black Women Educators and Activists in the Jim Crow South by Audrey Thomas McCluskey