By L. Magnani
This e-book ties jointly the troubles of philosophers of technological know-how and AI researchers, exhibiting for instance the connections among medical considering and medical examiner platforms. It lays out an invaluable basic framework for dialogue of a number of types of abduction. It develops very important principles approximately elements of abductive reasoning which have been really ignored in cognitive technology, together with using visible and temporal representations and the position of abduction within the withdrawal of hypotheses.
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This e-book ties jointly the worries of philosophers of technology and AI researchers, displaying for instance the connections among clinical considering and health worker platforms. It lays out an invaluable normal framework for dialogue of quite a few forms of abduction. It develops vital principles approximately points of abductive reasoning which have been fairly overlooked in cognitive technological know-how, together with using visible and temporal representations and the function of abduction within the withdrawal of hypotheses.
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Additional info for Abduction, Reason and Science - Processes of Discovery and Explanation
Hence the role of visual abduction and visual imagery in scientific discovery is very interesting. In chapter 5 (section 1) I will consider visual abduction in everyday reasoning, illustrating a cognitive architecture dealing with imagebased explanation. Finally, by recognizing the role of model-based abduction the analysis of conceptual change can overcome the negative issues that come from the reductionist theory of meaning and from the related incommensurability thesis, and illustrate the various grades of commensurability that can be found when dealing with the roles of model-based abduction in science.
Peirce says: "Abductive inference shades into perceptual judgment without any sharp line of demarcation between them" (Peirce, 1955c, p. 304). By perception, knowledge constructions are so instantly reorganized that they become habitual and diffuse and do not need any further testing: "[... 37). Many visual stimuli - that can be considered the "premises" of the involved abduction - are ambiguous, yet people are adept at imposing order on them: "We readily form such hypotheses as that an obscurely seen face belongs to a friend of ours, because we can thereby explain what has been observed" (Thagard, 1988, p.
The need for a methodological criterion of justification is caused by the fact that an abduced hypothesis that explains a certain puzzling fact should not be accepted because of the possibility of other explanations. 26 Abduction, Reason, and Science Having a hypothesis that explains a certain number of facts is far from a guarantee of being true. It could be said that maintaining this rigid distinction between generation and evaluation phase could lead to the generation of many uninteresting and useless hypotheses.
Abduction, Reason and Science - Processes of Discovery and Explanation by L. Magnani