Download e-book for iPad: Adventures Abroad. North American Women at German-Speaking by Sandra L. Singer

By Sandra L. Singer

In the interval among the Civil battle and global battle I, German universities supplied North American ladies with possibilities in graduate education that weren't on hand to them at domestic. This education allowed ladies to compete to a better measure with males in more and more professionalized fields. In go back for such possibilities, those ladies performed a key position in beginning up German universities to all girls. Many committed the remainder of their lives to making higher study and graduate possibilities for different girls, without end altering the process greater schooling in North America.

This examine presents money owed of the great limitations encountered through those first girls scholars in Europe. It records their perseverance and hard-won triumphs and comprises in addition the tales of the revolutionary males who mentored them and fought for his or her rights to raised schooling. by no means earlier than has documentation of such a lot of North American scholars at German-speaking universities been incorporated in a single quantity. This number of tales from ladies throughout disciplines makes it attainable to evaluate the really impressive nature in their mixed contributions to raised schooling and examine in North the US and Europe.

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Extra resources for Adventures Abroad. North American Women at German-Speaking Universities, 1868-1915

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The first American women to travel to Europe to study medicine in the nineteenth century headed for Paris and the Ecole de Medecine, the medical college, or the Paris Maternite, the school for midwifery. The French universities were opened to women in 1863, a year before the first German-speaking university, the University of Zurich, was opened to women. As Zurich and then Bern allowed women to enroll and earn a medical degree, many American women went to Switzerland instead. Women were also drawn to Vienna and Berlin, as both cities had become major centers of medical research in the late nineteenth cen- Women in Medicine 31 tury.

For example, precisely in psychology, the field mentioned in the previous quote, significant contributions were made by women who worked with the great German experimental psychologists, such as Georg Elias Miiller and Oswald Kulpe. For the American Lillien J. Martin, her work with these two men between 1894 and 1914 would prove invaluable in her work at Stanford. North American women clearly thought German-speaking universities continued to offer them significant and unique opportunities, for enrollment numbers for these women rose until 1912 and only dropped off sharply in 1914 with the outbreak of World War I.

126 Yet Russian Jews were even more desperate to find a stable place to study after 1905 and continued to flood the German universities and technical colleges. 127 For the most part, North American women were spared the blatant hostility directed at Russian students. Back in North America they were able to acquire the prior education required of them at German-speaking universities. At German-speaking universities they were confronted with the same prejudices and barriers encountered by most of the first women students.

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Adventures Abroad. North American Women at German-Speaking Universities, 1868-1915 by Sandra L. Singer

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