By Sandra L. Singer
In the interval among the Civil battle and global battle I, German universities supplied North American ladies with possibilities in graduate education that weren't on hand to them at domestic. This education allowed ladies to compete to a better measure with males in more and more professionalized fields. In go back for such possibilities, those ladies performed a key position in beginning up German universities to all girls. Many committed the remainder of their lives to making higher study and graduate possibilities for different girls, without end altering the process greater schooling in North America.
This examine presents money owed of the great limitations encountered through those first girls scholars in Europe. It records their perseverance and hard-won triumphs and comprises in addition the tales of the revolutionary males who mentored them and fought for his or her rights to raised schooling. by no means earlier than has documentation of such a lot of North American scholars at German-speaking universities been incorporated in a single quantity. This number of tales from ladies throughout disciplines makes it attainable to evaluate the really impressive nature in their mixed contributions to raised schooling and examine in North the US and Europe.
Read or Download Adventures Abroad. North American Women at German-Speaking Universities, 1868-1915 PDF
Similar women writers books
Catharine Macaulay and Mercy Otis Warren have been radical buddies in a progressive age. They produced definitive histories of the English Civil conflict and the yank Revolution, attacked the British executive and the us federal structure, and instigated a debate on women's rights which galvanized Mary Wollstonecraft, Judith Sargent Murray, and different feminists.
Chart the advance of feminist methods and theories of interpretation in the course of the interval whilst girls first joined the ranks of biblical students This number of essays on feminist bible study within the 20th century seeks to discover 4 components of inquiry challenging extra research.
Susan Weisser explores the ways that 4 British novelists use and rework the topic of women's relation to sexual love within the eighteenth and 19th centuries. having a look heavily at novels by means of Samuel Richardson, Charlotte Bronte, Emily Bronte and George Eliot, the writer analyzes the instant in cultural background whilst gender roles, sexuality and literature meet to turn into a brand new ideology: one within which the discourses of sexuality and romantic love are obvious as either positive of girl freedom and harmful of girl id.
“Sheds new gentle on one of many 19th century South’s such a lot entire but understudied writers. Brown and River’s learn of Mary Edwards Bryan provides a few of her top writings in the context of her time. ”—James M. Denham, coeditor of Echoes from Frontier: The Brown Sisters’ Correspondence from Antebellum Florida “A misplaced author of the 19th century returns to the web page with energy.
- The Toni Morrison Encyclopedia
- Virginia Woolf: Feminism and the Reader
- Women and Sexual Love in the British Novel, 1740-1880: A Craving Vacancy
- Breaking Boundaries: New Perspectives on Women's Regional Writing
- Women, Celebrity, and Literary Culture between the Wars (Literary Modernism)
- The Cambridge Companion to Frances Burney (Cambridge Companions to Literature)
Extra resources for Adventures Abroad. North American Women at German-Speaking Universities, 1868-1915
The first American women to travel to Europe to study medicine in the nineteenth century headed for Paris and the Ecole de Medecine, the medical college, or the Paris Maternite, the school for midwifery. The French universities were opened to women in 1863, a year before the first German-speaking university, the University of Zurich, was opened to women. As Zurich and then Bern allowed women to enroll and earn a medical degree, many American women went to Switzerland instead. Women were also drawn to Vienna and Berlin, as both cities had become major centers of medical research in the late nineteenth cen- Women in Medicine 31 tury.
For example, precisely in psychology, the field mentioned in the previous quote, significant contributions were made by women who worked with the great German experimental psychologists, such as Georg Elias Miiller and Oswald Kulpe. For the American Lillien J. Martin, her work with these two men between 1894 and 1914 would prove invaluable in her work at Stanford. North American women clearly thought German-speaking universities continued to offer them significant and unique opportunities, for enrollment numbers for these women rose until 1912 and only dropped off sharply in 1914 with the outbreak of World War I.
126 Yet Russian Jews were even more desperate to find a stable place to study after 1905 and continued to flood the German universities and technical colleges. 127 For the most part, North American women were spared the blatant hostility directed at Russian students. Back in North America they were able to acquire the prior education required of them at German-speaking universities. At German-speaking universities they were confronted with the same prejudices and barriers encountered by most of the first women students.
Adventures Abroad. North American Women at German-Speaking Universities, 1868-1915 by Sandra L. Singer